A chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, and memory.
Dysfunction in some areas of the brain leads an individual to pursue a reward or relief by abusing a substance (i.e.: drugs, alcohol) or behavior (i.e.: dieting, exercise, sex) to get that reward. Addiction is characterized by inability to abstain, having impaired behavioral control, cravings for the substance or behavior, lack of recognition of any problems in an individual’s behavior or social relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response. Addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission.
Addiction can be caused by either environmental or genetic factors. There is no known prevention for this disorder aside from abstaining from addictive behaviors (i.e.: tobacco smoking, drinking alcohol, gambling, etc).
Links to Authorities:
- The CDC recommends all adults get a seasonal flu vaccine every year.
- A tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap or Td) booster is recommended every 10 years.
- If you are an IV drug user, the CDC recommends vaccination against Hepatitis B.