A serious mental illness that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. Gradual changes in thinking, mood, and social functioning often begin before the first episode of psychosis, usually starting in mid-adolescence.
- Affects less than 1% of the US population
- The overall U.S. 2002 cost of schizophrenia was estimated to be $62.7 billion
- Men tend to be diagnosed slightly earlier than women (16-25 years old)
Since multiple factors may contribute, scientists cannot yet be specific about the exact cause in individual cases.
- Brain structure and function
There’s no sure way to prevent schizophrenia, but sticking with the treatment plan can help prevent relapses or worsening of symptoms.
People with a chronic disease are at higher risk for serious problems from certain diseases. Getting vaccinated is an important step in staying healthy.
The CDC recommends all adults receive:
- Influenza – recommended every year, age 6 months and older
- Tdap – (if an adult did not receive it as an adolescent to protect against pertussis (whooping cough), and then a Td (tetanus, diphtheria) booster shot every 10 years.
Talk to your doctor about which other vaccines are right for you.
COVID-19 and Schizophrenia
People with schizophrenia may be more susceptible to transmission of COVID-19 due to a number of factors: cognitive impairment, lower awareness of risk, and barriers to adequate infection control including congregate living.