Chronic disease risk factors can be non-modifiable (i.e. age, race/ethnicity, biological gender, family history) or something a person can modify (i.e. smoking tobacco, using drugs and/or alcohol, poor diet, lack of exercise). Many chronic diseases share the same risk factors, which this table strives to incorporate.
|High Blood Pressure||X||X|
|Physical Activity (decreased)||X||X||X||X|
|*Race / Ethnicity||X||X|
Just as chronic diseases share risk factors, so to do they share factors that can prevent or reduce the risk of disease.
|Control High Blood Pressure||X||X|
|Maintain a Healthy Weight||X||X||X|
|Manage Other Chronic Diseases||X||X|
|Sleep 7-9 Hours per Night||X|
|Stop Tobacco Use||X||X||X||X||X|
|Stop Risky Behaviors||X|
In addition, the CDC recommends that all adults keep their vaccinations up to date. Childhood immunizations may wear off after time and need a “booster shot,” and you are at risk for other diseases as an adult.
All adults need:
- Influenza vaccine (every year)
- Tdap vaccine (if they did not receive it as an adolescent to protect against pertussis (whooping cough), and then a Td (tetanus, diphtheria) booster shot every 10 years.
If you have a chronic disease, you talk with your doctor to determine what other vaccines may be appropriate for you.